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TitleThe temporal evolution of North American kimberlites
AuthorHeaman, L M; Kjarsgaard, B A; Creaser, R A
SourceSelected papers from the Eighth International Kimberlite Conference, volume 1: the C. Roger Clement volume; by Mitchell, R H (ed.); Grutter, H S (ed.); Heaman, L M (ed.); Scott Smith, B H (ed.); Lithos vol. 76, issue 1-4, 2004 p. 377-397, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2004.03.047
Year2004
Alt SeriesGeological Survey of Canada, Contribution Series 2003318
MeetingEighth International Kimberlite Conference; Victoria, BC; CA; June 22-27, 2003
Documentserial
Lang.English
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
RelatedThis publication is related to Heaman, L M; Kjarsgaard, B A; (2003). The temporal evolution of North American kimberlites; The temporal evolution of North American kimberlites, 8th International Kimberlite Conference: extended abstract
File formathtml; pdf
ProvinceCanada; British Columbia; Alberta; Saskatchewan; Manitoba; Ontario; Quebec; New Brunswick; Nova Scotia; Prince Edward Island; Newfoundland and Labrador; Northwest Territories; Yukon; Nunavut
NTS1; 2; 3; 10; 11; 12; 13; 14; 15; 16; 20; 21; 22; 23; 24; 25; 26; 27; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33; 34; 35; 36; 37; 38; 39; 40; 41; 42; 43; 44; 45; 46; 47; 48; 49; 52; 53; 54; 55; 56; 57; 58; 59; 62; 63; 64; 65; 66; 67; 68; 69; 72; 73; 74; 75; 76; 77; 78; 79; 82; 83; 84; 85; 86; 87; 88; 89; 92; 93; 94; 95; 96; 97; 98; 99; 102; 103; 104; 105; 106; 107; 114O; 114P; 115; 116; 117; 120; 340; 560
AreaCanada; Mexico; United States
Subjectskimberlites; diamond; magmatism; rifts; rifting; faults, extension; subduction; ultrabasic rocks; ultrabasic intrusives; uranium lead dating; mantle plumes; mantle hotspots; mantle upwelling; asthenosphere upwelling; intracontinental rifting
Illustrationslocation maps; geologic sketch maps; tables; graphs; geochemical plots
ProgramNSERC Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
AbstractNorth American kimberlite magmatism spans a period of time in excess of 1 billion years from Mesoproterozoic kimberlites in the Lake Superior and James Bay Lowlands region of Ontario to Eocene kimberlites in the Lac de Gras field, N.W.T. Based on a compilation of more than 150 robust radiometric age determinations, several distinct kimberlite emplacement patterns are recognized. In general, the temporal pattern of kimberlite emplacement in North America can be broadly subdivided into five domains: (1) a Mesoproterozoic kimberlite province in central Ontario, (2) an Eocambrian/Cambrian Labrador Sea Province in northern Québec and Labrador, (3) an eastern Jurassic Province, (4) a central Cretaceous corridor and (5) a western mixed domain that includes two Type-3 kimberlite provinces (i.e. multiple periods of kimberlite emplacement preserved in the Slave and Wyoming cratons). For some provinces the origin of kimberlite magmatism can be linked to known mantle heat sources such as mantle plume hotspots and upwelling asthenosphere attendant with continental rifting. For example, the timing and location of Mesoproterozoic kimberlites in North America coincides with and slightly precedes the timing of 1.1 Ga intracontinental rifting that culminated in the Midcontinent Rift centered in the Lake Superior region. Many of the kimberlites in the Eocambrian/Cambrian Labrador Sea province were emplaced soon after the opening of the Iapetus Ocean at about 615 Ma and may also be linked to mantle upwelling associated with continental rifting. The eastern Jurassic kimberlites record an age progression where magmatism youngs in a southeast direction from the ~200 Ma Rankin Inlet kimberlites to the 155-126 Ma Timiskaming kimberlites. The location of several kimberlite fields and clusters in Ontario and Québec lie along a continental extension of the Great Meteor hotspot track and represents one of the best examples in the world of kimberlite magmatism triggered by mantle plumes. The central Cretaceous (103–94 Ma) corridor extends for more than 4000 km from Somerset Island in northern Canada through the Fort à la Corne field in Saskatchewan to the kimberlites in central USA. This is the first recognized corridor of kimberlite magmatism of this magnitude. The possible westward younging of Cretaceous to Eocene corridors of kimberlite magmatism could reflect major changes in plate geometry during subduction of the Kula-Farallon plate.
GEOSCAN ID215389