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TitleCannonite, Bi2O(OH)2SO4, a new mineral from Marysvale, Utah, USA
AuthorStanley, C J; Roberts, A CORCID logo; Harris, D C; Criddle, A J; Szymanski, J T
SourceMineralogical Magazine vol. 56, 1992 p. 605-609,
Alt SeriesGeological Survey of Canada, Contribution Series 16192
PublisherMineralogical Society
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
AreaUtah; Marysvale; United States of America
Subjectsmineralogy; bismuth; mineral specimens; minerals; gangue minerals; bismuthinite; conchoidal fractures
Illustrationsphotomicrographs; tables; plots
Released2018 07 05
AbstractCannonite, ideally Bi20(OH)2SO4, is a new mineral from the Tunnel Extension mine, Ohio Mining District, Marysvale, Utah, USA. It occurs mostly as intergrown crystalline aggregates (<1 mm) of subhedral to euhedral equant to prismatic crystals (<200 ~tm) in cavities in quartz gangue. Other associated minerals are cuprobismutite, bismuthinite, and covelline. Cannonite is colourless and transparent with an adamantine lustre and white streak. It is brittle with an uneven to conchoidal fracture. In reflected light it is low reflecting, weakly to moderately bireflectant and weakly anisotropic. Internal reflections (colourless to white) are abundant. Measured reflectance values in air and oil are tabulated. Colour values relative to the CIE illuminant C for R1 and R2 in air respectively are: Y% 10.4, 11.7; Lambdad 475,475; Pe% 2.6, 3.0. Calculated refractive indices at 589 nm: R1 1.91 and R2 1.99. VHNm0 229 (range 183-280); calculated Mohs hardness is 4.
X-ray studies show that cannonite is monoclinic with space ~roup P21/c and a 7.700(3), b 13.839(6), c 5.686(2) A, ~ 109.11(3) ~ It has a cell volume of 572.5(4) A 3 with Z = 4. Dealt. is 6.515 g/cm . The strongest six lines of the X-ray powder pattern are [d in A (I) (hkl)] 3.206 (100) (221); 1.984 (90) (340, 152); 2.924 (70) (131); 3.644 (60) (111); 3.466 (60) (040); 2.782 (50) (]-12). Averaged probe analyses gave the empirical formula Bil.990(OHI.04)2S0.990 4 on the basis of 7 oxygen atoms. The name is for Benjamin Bartlett Cannon of Seattle, Washington, United States of America.

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