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TitleVariability in Palaeoeskimo occupation on south-western Victoria Island, Arctic Canada: causes and consequences
AuthorSavelle, J M; Dyke, A S
SourceAncient Ecodisasters; World Archaeology vol. 33, 3, 2002 p. 508-522, https://doi.org/10.1080/00438240120107503
Year2002
Alt SeriesGeological Survey of Canada, Contribution Series 2001103
PublisherInforma UK Limited
Documentserial
Lang.English
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
ProvinceNorthwest Territories; Nunavut
NTS77F/04; 77F/05; 77F/12; 77F/13; 87A/07; 87A/08; 87A/09; 87A/10; 87A/15; 87A/16; 87C/08; 87D/02; 87D/03; 87D/04; 87D/05; 87D/06; 87D/07; 87E; 87F/01; 87F/08; 87F/09; 87F/16
AreaVictoria Island; Canadian Arctic; Wollaston Peninsula; Prince Albert Sound; Dolphin and Union Strait; Page Point; Woodward Point; Linulak Island; Cache Point; Innirit Point; Banks Island; Shoran Lake; Umingmak
Lat/Long WENS-117.0000 -111.0000 71.0000 68.2500
Subjectsmiscellaneous; Nature and Environment; radiocarbon dating; carbon-14 dates; Holocene; isostatic rebound; raised beaches; shoreline changes; archaeology; faunal studies; sea level changes; Molluscs; Mammals; Palaeoeskimo; demography; musk-ox; elevations; charcoal; Quaternary; Cenozoic
Illustrationssketch maps; histograms; tables
ProgramClimate Change Action Fund (CCAF)
AbstractPalaeoeskimo occupation history on western Victoria Island in the Canadian Arctic is inferred on the basis of the abundance of dwelling features according to elevation above sea level. The correlation between elevation above sea level and dwelling age is corroborated with seventy radiocarbon dates. The results suggest that the first occupants arrived in the region approximately 4500 radiocarbon years BP and attained maximum population levels by 4000-3800 BP, which was followed by a sudden decline. Moderate population levels were maintained for the next 600 years, following which, at approximately 3200 BP, there was a further decline. While there were occasional minor population increases following this period, none attained anywhere near the early (4500-3800 BP) levels. While the early and rapid decline of human population from its rapidly established initial maximum level may be attributed to one or more causes, the available evidence suggests that the overhunting of a key resource, musk-ox, cannot be ruled out.
GEOSCAN ID212870