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TitleHolocene history of the Bering Sea bowhead whale (Balaena mysticetus) in its Beaufort Sea summer grounds off southwestern Victoria Island, western Canadian Arctic
AuthorDyke, A S; Savelle, J M
SourceQuaternary Research (New York) 55, 2001 p. 371-379, https://doi.org/10.1006/qres.2001.2228
Year2001
Alt SeriesGeological Survey of Canada, Contribution Series 2000069
PublisherCambridge University Press (CUP)
Documentserial
Lang.English
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
ProvinceNorthwest Territories; Northern offshore region
NTS87C/07; 87C/08; 87C/09; 87C/10; 87C/15; 87C/16; 87F/01; 87F/02
AreaVictoria Island; Wollaston Peninsula; Beaufort Sea
Lat/Long WENS-117.5000 -116.5000 70.2500 69.2500
Subjectspaleontology; geochronology; surficial geology/geomorphology; Nature and Environment; fossil assemblages; fossil distribution, geographic; fossil descriptions; carbon-14 dates; Holocene; sea level changes; glacial history; raised beaches; radiocarbon dates; radiocarbon dating; bowhead whales; climate change; fossil locations; Quaternary
Illustrationssketch maps; graphs; tables; histograms
Released2017 01 20
AbstractThe fossil remains of 43 bowhead whales were mapped on the raised beaches of western Wollaston Peninsula, Victoria Island, Canadian Arctic, near the historic summer range limit of the Bering Sea stock in the Beaufort Sea. The elevations and radiocarbon ages of the remains demonstrate that the bowhead ranged commonly into the region following the submergence of Bering Strait at ca. 10,000 14C yr B.P. until ca. 8500 14C yr B.P. During the same interval, bowheads ranged widely from the Beaufort Sea to Baffin Bay. Subsequently, no whales reached Wollaston Peninsula until ca. 1500 14C yr B.P. Late Holocene populations evidently were small, or occupations were brief, in comparison to those of the early Holocene. Although the late Holocene recurrence may relate to the expansion of pioneering Thule whalers eastward from Alaska, there are few Thule sites and limited evidence of Thule whaling in the area surveyed to support this suggestion.
GEOSCAN ID211507