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TitleCrustal structure of the Makarov Basin, Arctic Ocean determined from seismic refraction
AuthorSorokin, M Y; Zamansky, Y Y; Langinen, A Y; Jackson, H R; Macnab, R
SourceEarth and Planetary Science Letters vol. 168, issue 1-2, 1999 p. 187-199,
LinksAbstract - Résumé
Alt SeriesGeological Survey of Canada, Contribution Series 1998197
PublisherElsevier BV
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
ProvinceNorthern offshore region
AreaMakarov Basin
Lat/Long WENS-130.0000 170.0000 90.0000 80.0000
Subjectsgeophysics; structural geology; basins; arctic geology; seismic refraction surveys; crustal structure; seismic profiles; oceanic crust
Illustrationsbathymetric profiles; location maps; seismic reflection profiles; schematic diagrams; cross-sections, stratigraphic; graphs
AbstractWide-angle seismic reflection/refraction data, recorded on ten seismographs from five large explosive charges, clearly define the crustal and upper mantle velocities of the Makarov Basin. These data are combined with a tangential seismic reflection profile and with Russian navy refraction velocities to produce a seafloor to upper mantle velocity-depth function. The gently dipping sedimentary horizons contrast with the hummocky basement topography on the reflection profile. The seismic basement is interpreted as oceanic layer 2 consistent with the Russian navy velocities. Velocities of 6.7 km s-1 determined for the lower crust and 8.0 km s-1 for the upper mantle are constrained by the seismic record sections. The 6.7 km s-1 velocity layer is interpreted as oceanic crust layer 3. The well-resolved thickness of this layer of 15 km is substantially greater than the average thickness for layer 3 of 4 km. The velocities and thickness from the Makarov Basin, oceanic plateaus and hotspots, and continental crust are summarized for comparison. The character of seismic reflection basement and the velocity–depth function are consistent with thick oceanic crust in the Makarov Basin.