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TitleForcing of the cold event 8,200 years ago by catastrophic drainage of Laurentide lakes
AuthorBarber, D C; Dyke, A; Hillaire-Marcel, C; Jennings, A E; Andrews, J T; Kerwin, M W; Bilodeau, G; McNeely, R; Southon, J; Morehead, M D; Gagnon, J -M
SourceNature vol. 400, no. 6742, 1999 p. 344-348,
LinksAbstract - Résumé
Alt SeriesGeological Survey of Canada, Contribution Series 1998169
PublisherSpringer Nature
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
ProvinceNunavut; Quebec; Ontario; Newfoundland and Labrador
NTS1K; 1M; 1N; 2C; 3D; 3E; 11O; 11P; 12; 13; 14C; 14D; 14E; 14F; 14L; 14M; 15M; 16E; 16K; 16L; 16M; 16N; 21M; 21N; 21O; 21P; 22; 23; 24; 25; 26A; 26B; 26C; 26D; 26E; 26F; 26G; 26H; 31M; 31N; 31O; 31P; 32; 33; 34; 35; 36A; 36B; 36C; 36D; 36E; 36F; 36G; 36H; 41M; 41N; 41O; 41P; 42; 43; 44; 45; 46A; 46B; 46C; 46D; 46E; 46F; 46G; 46H; 52A; 52H; 52I; 52P; 53A; 53H; 53I; 53P; 54A; 54H; 54I; 54P; 55A; 55H; 55I; 55P; 56A; 56H
AreaLake Agassiz; Lake Ojibway; Hudson Bay; Labrador Sea; Baffin Island
Lat/Long WENS -90.0000 -50.0000 66.0000 44.5000
Subjectssedimentology; surficial geology/geomorphology; Nature and Environment; water circulation patterns; climate; climate effects; heat flow; glacial lakes; ice sheets; carbon isotopes; salinity; deglaciation; glacial deposits; thermohaline circulation
Illustrationslocation maps; tables; graphs
Released1999 07 22
AbstractThe sensitivity of oceanic thermohaline circulation to freshwater perturbations is a critical issue for understanding abrupt climate change (1). Abrupt climate fluctuations that occurred during both Holocene and Late Pleistocene times have been linked to changes in ocean circulation (2-6), but their causes remain uncertain. One of the largest such events in the Holocene occurred between 8,400 and 8,000 calendar years ago (2,7,8) (7,650-7,200 14C years ago), when the temperature dropped by 4-8 °C in central Greenland2 and 1.5-3 °C at marine (4,7) and terrestrial (7,8) sites around the northeastern North Atlantic Ocean. The pattern of cooling implies that heat transfer from the ocean to the atmosphere was reduced in the North Atlantic. Here we argue that this cooling event was forced by a massive outflow of fresh water from the Hudson Strait. This conclusion is based on our estimates of the marine 14C reservoir for Hudson Bay which, in combination with other regional data, indicate that the glacial lakes Agassiz and Ojibway (9-11), (originally dammed by a remnant of the Laurentide ice sheet) drained catastrophically approx 8,470 calendar years ago; this would have released >1014 m3 of fresh water into the Labrador Sea. This finding supports the hypothesis (2,7,8) that a sudden increase in freshwater flux from the waning Laurentide ice sheet reduced sea surface salinity and altered ocean circulation, thereby initiating the most abrupt and widespread cold event to have occurred in the past 10,000 years.