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TitleGlacial landform-sediment assemblages in the Canadian High Arctic and their implications for Late Quaternary glaciation
AuthorÓ Cofaigh, C; Lemmen, D S; Evans, D J A; Bednarski, J
SourcePapers from the International Symposium on Glaciers and the Glaciated Landscape; Annals of Glaciology vol. 28, 1999 p. 195-201, (Open Access)
Alt SeriesGeological Survey of Canada, Contribution Series 1998168
Alt SeriesPolar Continental Shelf Project, Contribution 004098
PublisherCambridge University Press (CUP)
MeetingInternational Symposium on Glaciers and the Glaciated Landscape; Kiruna; SE; August 17-20, 1998
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
NTS39B/04; 39B/05; 39B/11; 39B/12; 39B/13; 39B/14; 39C/04; 39C/05; 39C/06; 39C/11; 39C/12; 39C/13; 39C/14; 39E/05; 39E/06; 39E/08; 39E/09; 39E/11; 39F; 39G; 39H; 48E/09; 48E/10; 48E/11; 48E/12; 48E/13; 48E/14; 48E/15; 48E/16; 48F/09; 48F/10; 48F/11; 48F/12; 48F/13; 48F/14; 48F/15; 48F/16; 48G; 48H; 49; 58E/09; 58E/10; 58E/11; 58E/12; 58E/13; 58E/14; 58E/15; 58E/16; 58F/12; 58F/13; 58F/14; 58F/15; 58G; 58H; 59; 68H/01; 68H/02; 68H/07; 68H/08; 68H/09; 68H/10; 68H/15; 68H/16; 69A/01; 69A/02; 69A/07; 69A/08; 69A/09; 69A/10; 69A/15; 69A/16; 69D/01; 69D/02; 69D/07; 69D/08; 69D/09; 69D/10; 69D/15; 69D/16; 69E/01; 69E/02; 69E/07; 69E/08; 69E/09; 69E/10; 69E/15; 69E/16; 69H/16; 120; 340; 560
AreaEllesmere Island; Devon Island; Axel Heiberg Island; Greenland; Denmark
Lat/Long WENS -98.0000 -56.0000 84.0000 74.5000
Subjectssurficial geology/geomorphology; glaciers; glacial tectonics; deglaciation; meltwater channels; erratics trains; glacial striations; glaciomarine deposits; ice margins
Illustrationslocation maps; photographs; tables
ProgramNSERC Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
ProgramUniversity of Alberta, Canadian Circumpolar Institute, Northern Research Grants
Released2017 09 14
AbstractModern terrestrial glaciers in the Canadian High Arctic range from polythermal to cold-based. Where polythermal glaciers override thick unconsolidated sediment, longitudinal compression and glaciotectonic thrusting produce thrust-block moraines. In contrast, the dominant geomorphic record of cold-based glaciers consists of lateral and proglacial meltwater channels. Geomorphic and sedimentary evidence indicates that late Quaternary fiord glaciers were also characterized by variations in basal thermal regime. Erratic dispersal trains and striated bedrock record the flow of warm-based ice during the Last Glacial Maximum. Emergent grounding-line fans and morainal banks, deposited during deglaciation, consist of heterogeneous glaciomarine deposits that record well-developed subglacial drainage and high sedimentation rates. However, in other fiords, subaqueous outwash and fine-grained glaciomarine deposits are absent and deglaciation is recorded by lateral meltwater channels graded to raised glaciomarine deltas, suggesting these glaciers were predominantly cold-based during retreat. Regionally, deglacial depocentres are located at pinning points within fiords and a prominent belt of glaciogenic landforms at fiord heads records stabilization of ice margins during early Holocene retreat, rather than the limit of late Quaternary glaciation. Collectively, these observations refute previous reconstructions which inferred a climatically controlled switch from cold- to warm-based thermal conditions in fiord glaciers during early Holocene deglaciation, and indicate that the dominant controls on thermal regime were glaciological.