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TitleNeoglaciation, glacier-dammed lakes, and vegetation change in northwestern British Columbia
AuthorClague, J J; Mathewes, R W
SourceArctic and Alpine Research vol. 28, no. 1, 1996 p. 10-24,
Alt SeriesGeological Survey of Canada, Contribution Series 67094
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
ProvinceBritish Columbia
AreaSummit Lake; Berendon Glacier
Lat/Long WENS-130.0833 -130.0333 56.2500 56.2333
Subjectsgeochronology; stratigraphy; surficial geology/geomorphology; glacial history; glaciers; cores; radiocarbon dates; radiometric dates; glaciation; stratigraphic correlations; paleoecology; pollen stratigraphy; pollen analyses; spore analyses; palynology; paleoclimates; Quaternary
Illustrationssketch maps; photographs; analyses; stratigraphic columns; photomicrographs
Released1996 02 01
AbstractAn integrated geomorphic, stratigraphic, paleoecological, and geochronological study of a system of linked valley glaciers and ice-dammed lakes has provided insights into the Neoglacial history and climate of the northern Coast Mountains of British Columbia. Cores collected from a small lake in the glacier foreland of Berendon Glacier and pits dug in a nearby fen record Little Ice Age and earlier Neoglacial advances. AMS and conventional radiocarbon dating of fossil plant material from these sites, supplemented by dendrochronological data, indicate that the Little Ice Age began more than 500 yr ago and peaked in the early 17th century. A middle Neoglacial advance of comparable extent occurred about 2200 to 2800 yr ago. The chronology of Neoglacial advances is generally similar to that at other sites in western Canada, although the Little Ice Age may have peaked as much as 100 yr earlier in our study area than elsewhere. The Little Ice Age advances are also broadly synchronous with those in other parts of the world, suggesting that they were caused by global changes in climate.

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