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TitlePreliminary surficial geology of Cornwallis and adjacent islands, Northwest Territories
AuthorEdlund, S A
SourceGeological Survey of Canada, Paper no. 89-12, 1991, 30 pages (1 sheet), (Open Access)
MapsPublication contains 1 map
Map Info.surficial geology, glacial deposits, 1:50,000
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
NTS68E/09; 68E/10; 68E/15; 68E/16; 68H/01; 68H/02; 68H/07; 68H/08; 68H/09; 68H/10; 68H/15; 68H/16; 58F/10; 58F/11; 58F/12; 58F/13; 58F/14; 58F/15; 58G/02; 58G/03; 58G/04; 58G/05; 58G/06; 58G/07; 58G/10; 58G/11; 58G/12; 58G/13; 58G/14; 58G/15
AreaCornwallis Island; Little Cornwallis Island; Lowther Island; Griffith Island; Baille-hamilton Island
Lat/Long WENS-98.0000 -93.0000 76.0000 74.5000
Subjectsstructural geology; surficial geology/geomorphology; environmental geology; colluvial deposits; fluvial deposits; marine deposits; tills; glacial striations; moraines; eskers; organic deposits; glacial deposits; depositional environment; radiocarbon dates; radiometric dates; glacial history; landforms; faults; structural features; beach deposits; glaciation; wisconsinian glacial stage; glacial stages; deglaciation; ice sheets; transgressions; environmental impacts; environmental studies; gravels; sands; textural analyses; topography; temperature; precipitation; wetlands; erratics; erosion; land use; vegetation; Laurentide Ice-sheet; Quaternary
Illustrationssketch maps; photographs; tables; aerial photographs
Released1991 06 01; 2014 04 10
AbstractThe landforms of the Cornwallis Island area are primarily the result of pre-Pleistocene planation and dissection. Faulting during a late Cretaceous-Tertiary rifting episode created the surrounding channels and major valleys on Cornwallis and Griffith islands. The most widespread surface materials are carbonate rock and its weathered product, residuum. Beach deposits characterize the coasts of the major islands and completely caver small, low lying islands. There is scattered evidence of Quaternary glaciation, but glacial deposits and features are a minor part of the landscape. Scattered shield erratics and remnants of erratic-rich till indicate that the area was covered by continental ice, probably during pre-Late Wisconsinan times. During the Late Wisconsinan the area was affected by two types of ice masses: 1) the edge of the Laurentide !ce Sheet, which probably extended on/y onto Lowther Island and 2) a local ice cap( s) over Cornwallis Island. Marine transgression as a result of Late Wisconsinan de glaciation reached to about 120 m a.s.l. in the southern part of the study area and to less than 100 m in the north. The surficial materials of the Cornwallis Island area are among the least sensitive to disturbance in the High Arctic islands; most are as are traversible. Environmental damage can be minimized by avoiding wet, fine grained materials and vegetated areas. Ali activities should be curtailed during spring thaw and after heavy summer precipitation. Beach deposits provide an abundant source of grave!, and the carbonate formations are a widespread, potential grave/ source. Sand resources are limited.