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TitleArchean oceanic flake tectonics
AuthorHoffman, P F; Ranalli, G
SourceGeophysical Research Letters vol. 15, no. 10, 1988 p. 1077-1080, https://doi.org/10.1029/gl015i010p01077
Year1988
Alt SeriesGeological Survey of Canada, Contribution Series 15288
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Documentserial
Lang.English
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
ProvinceBritish Columbia; Alberta; Saskatchewan; Manitoba; Ontario; Quebec; New Brunswick; Nova Scotia; Prince Edward Island; Newfoundland and Labrador; Northwest Territories; Yukon; Nunavut
NTS1; 2; 3; 10; 11; 12; 13; 14; 15; 16; 20; 21; 22; 23; 24; 25; 26; 27; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33; 34; 35; 36; 37; 38; 39; 40; 41; 42; 43; 44; 45; 46; 47; 48; 49; 52; 53; 54; 55; 56; 57; 58; 59; 62; 63; 64; 65; 66; 67; 68; 69; 72; 73; 74; 75; 76; 77; 78; 79; 82; 83; 84; 85; 86; 87; 88; 89; 92; 93; 94; 95; 96; 97; 98; 99; 102; 103; 104; 105; 106; 107; 114O; 114P; 115; 116; 117; 120; 340; 560
Lat/Long WENS-141.0000 -50.0000 90.0000 41.7500
Subjectstectonics; archean; plate tectonics; subduction; greenstone belts; mantle; tectonic evolution; rheology; stress patterns; lithosphere; continental crust; oceanic crust; oceanic lithosphere; geothermics; tectonic environments; obduction; Precambrian; Proterozoic
Illustrationsgraphs
Released2012 12 07
AbstractAssuming that the Archean mantle was hotter and the oceanic crust thicker than at present, we estimate that the Archean oceanic lithosphere had a "sandwich" rheology, with the lower crust behaving as a soft, ductile layer. Accordingly, the Archean oceanic lithosphere had a rheological structure similar to present-day continental lithosphere but unlike present-day oceanic lithosphere. The thickness of the ductile layer is a decreasing function of age, while its strength is an increasing function of age. The buoyancy problem in Archean subduction could be overcome by delamination of oceanic upper crust, but mass balance calculation indicates that most Archean oceanic crust must have been recycled. Where the right dynamic conditions existed for delamination, oceanic flake tectonics may have been an important process leading to the preservation of oceanic upper crust in "greenstone belts" that are characteristic of Archean terrains.
GEOSCAN ID126456