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TitleSurficial geology of the Kananaskis research forest and Marmot Creek Basin region of Alberta
LicencePlease note the adoption of the Open Government Licence - Canada supersedes any previous licences.
AuthorStalker, A M
SourceGeological Survey of Canada, Paper 72-51, 1973, 25 pages (1 sheet), Open Access logo Open Access
MapsPublication contains 1 map
Map Info.geological, surficial geology, 1:50,000
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
RelatedThis publication contains Surficial Geology Kananaskis Research Forest-Marmot Creek area, Alberta
File formatpdf
NTS82J/14NW; 82J/14NE; 82J/15NW; 82O/03SW; 82O/03SE; 82O/02SW
Lat/Long WENS-115.2500 -114.9167 51.0833 50.9167
Subjectsregional geology; surficial geology/geomorphology; cirques; eskers; glacial deposits; glacial history; glaciation; glaciers; moraines; tills; Quaternary
Illustrationscross-sections, stratigraphic
Released1974 05 01; 2016 02 15
AbstractThe Kananaskis Research Forest-Marmot Creek Basin lies along the Kananaskis River within the front ranges of the Rocky Mountains, some fifty miles west of Calgary. The mapped area covers 54 square miles. Four major glacier s are recorded, each smaller than the previous one. The first three advanced down Kananaskis Valley to join glaciers in Bow Valley, north of t h e area, but the fourth apparently terminated in the region of Barrier Lake, short of the Bow Valley. The first covered all but the highest points in the area but, as all the glaciers left very little drift in upland districts, bedrock is exposed over three-auarters of the area. Frostproduced rubble covers much of the unglaciated area. The bulk of the surficial deposits are found in the valleys. They consist of: glacial deposits of outwash and valley fill; glacial and postglacial deposits laid down in streams and lakes during retreat of the last glacier. Generally while Bow Valley ice blocked t h e north end of Kananaskis Valley; and postglacial stream, fan and mass wasting deposits. Ground moraine, fan deposits, and post glacial alluvium form most of the surficial cover, but outwash and lake sediment predominate in certain parts of the Research Forest. The four glaciers probably span all Wisconsin, and perhaps some pre-Wis consin, time. It is suggested that t h e last reached its maximum between 12, OOO and 10, OOO years ago, and that it corresponds to the Canmore advance in Bow Valley.

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