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TitleReconnaissance of the surficial geology of northeastern Ellesmere Island, Arctic Archipelago
LicencePlease note the adoption of the Open Government Licence - Canada supersedes any previous licences.
AuthorChristie, R L
SourceGeological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 138, 1967, 50 pages (1 sheet), Open Access logo Open Access
PublisherGeological Survey of Canada
MapsPublication contains 1 map
Map Info.geological, 1:506,880
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
RelatedThis publication contains Christie, R L; (1966). Surficial Geology northeastern Ellesmere Island, District of Franklin and northwestern Greenland, Geological Survey of Canada, "A" Series Map no. 1192A
File formatpdf
NTS120; 340A; 340D; 340E; 340H
Areanortheastern ellesmere island; arctic archipelago; Ellesmere Island
Lat/Long WENS-79.0000 -59.0000 83.0000 80.0000
Subjectssurficial geology/geomorphology; alluvium; fossil lists; glacial deposits; glaciofluvial deposits; ice movements; lacustrine deposits; patterned ground; permafrost; radiocarbon dates; solifluction; strandlines; Ellesmere Island; Quaternary
Released1967 01 01; 2015 12 04
AbstractGlacial features and deposits such as erratics, grooves, and till are abundant in northeastern Ellesmere Island. Distinctive erratics and striae indicate a general outward movement of ice from the high mountains of the island with a limited incursion of Greenland ice onto the eastern shores. Glacio-fluvial gravel and sand is widespread, and certain enigmatic 'boulder gravel hills' may be related. Thick marine and lacustrine silt deposits form conspicuous benches and badlands. A post-glacial marine inundation of at least 250 feet is indicated by marine shells. Some interesting permafrost and ground-ice structures and the existing glacial ice and ice shelves are described. A synthesis of the glacial retreat for the region is attempted. Most of the deposits formed during a period of rapid deglacierization and marine incursion. A relatively warm period, the Climatic Optimum, followed in which beds bearing vegetal matter were deposited. During a succeeding, fairly recent, cold period, the glaciers advanced slightly and the ice shelves formed.

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